Philippine National Flag


The national flag of the Philippines (Tagalog: Pambansang Watawat ng Pilipinas) is a horizontal flag bicolor with equal bands of royal blue and scarlet red, and with a white equilateral triangle at the hoist; in the center of the triangle is a golden yellow sun with eight primary rays, each containing three individual rays, which represent the country’s provinces; and at each vertex of the triangle is a five-pointed golden yellow star, each of which, represent the country’s 3 main islands, Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao. This flag can indicate a state of war if it is displayed with the red side on top.

Flag of the Philippines

Name Pambansang Watawat
(“National Flag”),
Tatlong bituin at isang araw
(Three Stars and a Sun)
Use National flag and ensign
Proportion 1:2
Adopted June 12, 1898
Design A horizontal bicolor of blue over red, with a white equilateral triangle at the hoist containing three, 5-pointed gold stars at its vertices, and an 8-rayed gold sun at its center.
Designed by Emilio Aguinaldo

Variant flag of the Philippines
Use National flag and ensign
Proportion 1:2
Design As above, with the blue and red stripes switched to indicate a state of war.
Designed by Executive Order No. 321 of Elpidio Quirino

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